Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To see papers related to the one you are viewing…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When there are articles or videos related to the one you are viewing, you will see a related papers icon next to the title, like this: RelatedPapers32Final3For example:

2015-11-06_09h28_31

Click on it and you will see a bibliographic list of papers that are related (including the current one). Related papers may be papers which are commentaries, responses to commentaries, erratum, and videos discussing the paper. Since they are not part of the original source material, they are added by PEP editorial staff, and may not be marked as such in every possible case.

 

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hulbeck, C.R. (1964). The Existential Mood in American Psychiatry. Am. J. Psychoanal., 24(1):82-88.

(1964). American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 24(1):82-88

The Existential Mood in American Psychiatry

Charles R. Hulbeck, M.D.

I have Called this paper the existential mood in American psychiatry because there already has been an existential mood in European psychiatry for a considerable time, nearly a generation. In order to understand what is going on in the United States one has to familiarize oneself with present European psychiatry, and in order to understand European psychiatry one has to start with the causes and facts that turned European psychiatry away from Freudian psychoanalysis.

I am neither a philosopher nor a historian but I feel we have to assume that many elements merged to bring about the change which is experienced in Europe today and now here in America. As I understand the situation a few of the causes are: 1) the general trend in European philosophy towards turning away from pragmatic thinking; 2) the revolutionary developments in living expressed in technology and commercialism, caused by the two major wars; 3) the influence of major personalities—Kierkegaard, the German Romantics (especially Schelling, and Frederic Nietzsche who fought the Hegelian ideological form of thinking), Heidegger, Jaspers, Sartre and others, and last but not least, Edmund Husserl.

None of these thinkers clearly posed the crucial questions: What is the human situation? What is man and his existence? What are his special reactions to his environment, psychologically and sociologically? But how can we define and clearly express the human situation? What are the essential features characterizing the human situation? What is definable, for our purposes, in what Nietzsche called “Nihilism”? Whether we like it or not, we have to choose certain aspects of Nihilism for an understanding of the existential mood in modern thinking and consequently in modern psychiatry in Europe and America.

I wish to start with the phenomenon of human atomization which is tantamount to human isolation or simply to human loneliness. Human loneliness seriously questions the claims of technological development that communication between men has been made easier and faster.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.