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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Rubins, J.L. (1968). A Holistic Approach to the Psychoses: Part I - the Affective Psychoses. Am. J. Psychoanal., 28(2):139-155.

(1968). American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 28(2):139-155

A Holistic Approach to the Psychoses: Part I - the Affective Psychoses

Jack L. Rubins, M.D.

Today the Psychoanalyst is being obliged to turn his attention to the psychoses more than ever before. There are many elements contributing to this trend. One is the increasing demand from a large segment of the population hitherto seriously neglected, for more intensive, more adequate therapy, including psychoanalytic therapy. This is now being expressed under the impact of community psychiatry. This group includes many cases of ambulatory psychosis. This situation is demanding a re-evaluation of analytic principles, techniques and conditions of practice so that they can be applied most beneficially to this larger group of patients and pathological conditions, where previously it might have been considered inapplicable or contraindicated.

Another factor is the change in prevailing psychopathology as seen in psychoanalytic practice. The “typical” neurotic patient is less frequently encountered and has been replaced by the character neurotic, the schizoid, the borderline or masked psychotic, or the adjusted, functioning chronic psychotic. It is to be anticipated that this trend will increase as more patients are being treated and maintained in the community rather than being hospitalized.

A third factor is the growing awareness among many analysts, that analytic methods can be effectively applied to many psychotic conditions. Until recently, most analysts were reluctant to treat the psychotic analytically. Classical psychoanalysis was, in fact, contra-indicated for the schizophrenias in that it might bring up too threatening, unconscious conflictual (libidinal) material against which the patients’ defenses might be inadequate.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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