Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To see translations of Freud SE or GW…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you hover your mouse over a paragraph of the Standard Edition (SE) long enough, the corresponding text from Gesammelte Werke slides from the bottom of the PEP-Web window, and vice versa.

If the slide up window bothers you, you can turn it off by checking the box “Turn off Translations” in the slide-up. But if you’ve turned it off, how do you turn it back on? The option to turn off the translations only is effective for the current session (it uses a stored cookie in your browser). So the easiest way to turn it back on again is to close your browser (all open windows), and reopen it.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Barton, M. (1977). Evidence on the Moral Socialization of American Children in 1864 and Its Psychodynamics. Am. J. Psychoanal., 37(3):235-239.

(1977). American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 37(3):235-239

Other Voices

Evidence on the Moral Socialization of American Children in 1864 and Its Psychodynamics

Michael Barton, Ph.D.

James Spradley, an anthropologist, has written recently in his book Culture and Cognition that “The richest settings for discovering the rules of a society are those where novices of one sort or another are being instructed in appropriate behavior.” A psychoanalyst knows that it is also true that the rules of a society attach to its general psychodynamics—the rules show what a people love and fear from their childhood, then what they must pursue and defend themselves against in their adulthood. The written rules of a society are its collective conscience in its public display.

Here are some precise ethical rules for novices which were published in George L. Bidgood's Confederate First Reader in 1864. The Reader represented a critical moment of moral significance for Southern children, for here they confronted some of the first official, comprehensible, written rules of their society. To ensure that there would be no doubt about the meaning of the rules the writer entitled the essays “The Good Boy” and “The Good Girl.” These were the only two essays in the Reader that were addressed to the subject of goodness, so we may presume that they were intended to be complete and essential.

The Good Boy

The good boy loves his parents very dearly. He always minds what they say to him, and tries to please them. If they desire him not to do a thing, he does it not: if they desire him to do a thing, he does it cheerfully.

When they deny him what he wishes for, he does not grumble, or pout out his lips, or look angry: but he thinks, that his parents know what is proper for him better than he does, because they are wiser than he is.

He loves his teachers, and all who tell him what is good. He likes to read, and to write, and to learn something new every day. He hopes that if he shall live to be a man, he shall know a great many things, and be very wise and good.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.