Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size? In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+). Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out). To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Pollock, G.H. (1986). Do Multiple Psychological Diseases Exist Simultaneously?. Ann. Psychoanal., 14:143-146.

(1986). Annual of Psychoanalysis, 14:143-146

Do Multiple Psychological Diseases Exist Simultaneously?

George H. Pollock, M.D., Ph.D.

I have worked analytically with four patients who were clinically diagnosed as having manic-depressive bipolar affective disorders. In addition, I have worked with several patients who have reported experiencing and feeling at least two different forms of depression at the same time, and I have worked with two patients analytically who were bulimic and one who was anorexic.

On the basis of this clinical research, which has been ongoing for ten years, I have concluded that (1) there can be multiple emotional and psychological disorders existing concomitantly, one overshadowing the other unless it is controlled pharmacologically; (2) concurrent therapy combining several modalities is indicated so that both disorders can be treated at one time; and (3) the time has come for us to return to an earlier model of illnesses that does not necessarily present a new paradigm.

Much psychoanalytic literature has appeared on the subject of manic and depressive illness. The clinical and theoretical reports go back more than seven decades and include statements by Abraham, Freud, Fenichel, Lewin, and Jacobson, among others. However, there have been other reports which yield significant data about these affective disturbances. Gacnsbauer, Harmon, Cytryn, and McKnew (1983) have identified as high risk a group of infants (twelve-eighteen months of age), whose parents were manic-depressives, and who (the infants) appeared to show disturbances in the quality of their attachments and a diminished capacity to self-regulate their emotions and affects.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.