Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Grinker, R.R., III Grinker, R.R., Jr. (1993). Cultural Translation and Psychoanalytic Interpretation: An African Transformation of the Cain and Abel Story. Ann. Psychoanal., 21:259-276.

(1993). Annual of Psychoanalysis, 21:259-276

IV Applied Psychoanalysis

Cultural Translation and Psychoanalytic Interpretation: An African Transformation of the Cain and Abel Story

Roy Richard Grinker, III, Ph.D. and Roy Richard Grinker, Jr., M.D.

At night in the villages of the Lese of northeastern Zaire, men and their children gather under leaf and bamboo roofs. As they warm themselves by the fire, their wives, sisters, and mothers come to sit at its edge in the hope that they will be able to hear the many stories the men are about to tell their children. The Lese stories shock even the trained anthropologist, for as the stories unfold it becomes clear that there are no happy endings, no princes and princesses who marry and live happily ever after. The stories seem to have little in common with the folktales that our own parents told us and that we tell our children today. Instead, the stories are, almost without exception, tragedies with unhappy endings and gruesome and violent plots. In one story, a woman's siblings suffocate her with diarrhea, and after she is buried she is exhumed and raped by a phallic spirit; she succeeds in castrating the spirit only to die another horrible death. In another story, an evil spirit enters into a man's body and causes it to explode.

It is impossible to listen to these stories and not be affected, indeed made anxious, by their content.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.