Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see papers related to the one you are viewing…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When there are articles or videos related to the one you are viewing, you will see a related papers icon next to the title, like this: RelatedPapers32Final3For example:


Click on it and you will see a bibliographic list of papers that are related (including the current one). Related papers may be papers which are commentaries, responses to commentaries, erratum, and videos discussing the paper. Since they are not part of the original source material, they are added by PEP editorial staff, and may not be marked as such in every possible case.


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Reich, A. (1954). Early Identifications as Archaic Elements in the Superego. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 2:218-238.

(1954). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 2:218-238

Early Identifications as Archaic Elements in the Superego

Annie Reich, M.D.


The revival or persistence of an early identification within the structure of the later superego imbues the personality with characteristics of the ego level on which the identification was originally formed, like unstable ego boundaries, confusion between ego and object, between wish and reality. In more regressed cases, the picture is complicated by an admixture of sadistic superego forerunners as well as of crudely sexual ideals. Such superegos are marked by inadequate integration which expresses itself in continual vacillations of self-esteem. In our not too precise analytic language, we frequently speak of such persons as narcissistic.

Finally it should be stressed that a narcissistic type of this kind was already described very early in the psychoanalytic literature, long before the publication of Freud's papers on ego psychology. I am referring here to an essay by Ernest Jones (16), "The God Complex, " in which the narcissistic personality is conceived as

the result of identification with a father figure that is seen in an infantile light.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.