Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To sort articles by source…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

After you perform a search, you can sort the articles by Source. This will rearrange the results of your search, displaying articles according to their appearance in journals and books. This feature is useful for tracing psychoanalytic concepts in a specific psychoanalytic tradition.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Benedek, T. (1959). Parenthood as a Developmental Phase—A Contribution to the Libido Theory. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 7:389-417.

(1959). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 7:389-417

Parenthood as a Developmental Phase—A Contribution to the Libido Theory

Therese Benedek, M.D.

The libido theory implies that the integration of the sexual drive from its pregenital beginnings to its genital primacy is the process by which the organization of the personality takes place. The impact of physiological changes at puberty sets in motion the adolescent processes of integration which lead toward maturity. Maturity includes, besides the physiological readiness for procreation, the individual's ability to find gratification for his instinctual needs within the frame of his culturally determined realities. This level of maturity in turn initiates motivation for the next phase of development which is parenthood. Since it has been assumed that the individual reaches this goal of personality integration during adolescence, the genetic theory does not include the psychodynamic processes of reproduction and parenthood as drive motivations for further development.

The aim of this presentation is to demonstrate that personality development continues beyond adolescence, under the influence of reproductive physiology and that parenthood utilizes the same primary processes which operate from infancy on in mental growth and development.


When birth interrupts intrauterine existence the infant has not yet developed mentally to a degree that he is aware of separation.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.