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Fox, H.M. Daniels, E.M. Wermer, H. (1964). Applicants Rejected for Psychoanalytic Training. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 12:692-716.

(1964). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 12:692-716

Applicants Rejected for Psychoanalytic Training

Henry M. Fox, M.D., Edward M. Daniels, M.D. and Henry Wermer, M.D.


1. One hundred recent decisions of an admissions committee have been reviewed as a contribution to the discussion of selection for psychoanalytic training.

2. Consistent qualitative as well as quantitative differences were reported in the personality structure of those rejected as compared with the group accepted outright for training.

3. The overlapping categories of characteristics with the inclusion of primitive defense patterns such as projection and denial reported by those who interviewed the group of rejected applicants form a striking contrast to the absence of pregenitally rooted defenses associated with some of the same characteristics among those accepted.

4. The individual voting patterns of the interviewers did not have any clearly demonstrable effect on the final decision.

5. The cultural background and the amount of previous therapy including psychoanalysis did not distinguish the group rejected from those accepted for training.

6. Although many of the rejected applicants were considered good candidates for therapeutic analysis, review of the reasons for rejecting more than half of them for psychoanalytic training helps to clarify opinions concerning the limitations of a training analysis as a procedure for the effective modification of certain ego patterns.

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