Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see the German word that Freud used to refer to a concept…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Want to know the exact German word that Freud used to refer to a psychoanalytic concept? Move your mouse over a paragraph while reading The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud and a window will emerge displaying the text in its original German version.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Knapp, P.H. (1974). Segmentation and Structure in Psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 22:14-36.

(1974). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 22:14-36

Segmentation and Structure in Psychoanalysis

Peter H. Knapp, M.D.

In Search of Method

PSYCHOANALYSIS AND ITS MAIN TECHNICAL DEVICE, free association, are in one sense methods. A symptom, a dream, a behavior quirk appears; we listen and try to unravel its meaning. Codifications of clinical experience—Freud's own (1912)(1913)(1914) (1915), that of others, Fenichel (1941), Lorand (1946), and Greenson (1967) discuss how best to use the technique. Yet its actual raw material and the exact way conclusions are derived from this have received little systematic scrutiny. Partly the reason lies in the clinical and therapeutic orientation of most psychoanalysts and their concomitant concern about the primacy and privacy of the therapeutic relationship. These important issues, the place of research in training and the problem of recording the psychoanalytic encounter, are discussed elsewhere (Knapp et al., 1966, cf. also Gill et al., (1968). A further and, I believe, even more important factor is our lack of established ways to utilize the mass of information that emerges in psychoanalysis.

Clinical methods applied in a session or to studying a record of it are in essence flexible and varied, tolerant of ambiguity, aiming at synthesis, and trying to encompass the many phenomena that appear therapeutically significant. For scientific inquiry we must have additional principles of organization. We need a method to study the method.

Basically, such an approach must be naturalistic. As argued elsewhere (Knapp, 1971), the psychoanalytic situation is experimental in only a most limited sense. The naturalist starts by looking. Soon he must go further, decide what to look at and how.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.