Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see papers related to the one you are viewing…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When there are articles or videos related to the one you are viewing, you will see a related papers icon next to the title, like this: RelatedPapers32Final3For example:


Click on it and you will see a bibliographic list of papers that are related (including the current one). Related papers may be papers which are commentaries, responses to commentaries, erratum, and videos discussing the paper. Since they are not part of the original source material, they are added by PEP editorial staff, and may not be marked as such in every possible case.


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Parkin, A. (1976). Melancholia: A Reconsideration. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 24:123-139.

(1976). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 24:123-139

Melancholia: A Reconsideration

Alan Parkin, M.D.


A reconsideration of the problem of melancholia suggests that, in place of the traditional metapsychological understanding based upon a single introjection of the lost object (into the ego), one based upon a double introjection, once into the superego and once into the self-ideal, may better fit the clinical facts in which a rise in self-criticism, following the former introjection, is to be distinguished from a fall in self-esteem, following the latter introjection.

Throughout, emphasis is given to the significance of the preambivalent stage of object-relations and to the necessity of distinguishing between the early phases of the self-ideal and the archaic superego.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.