Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To download the bibliographic list of all PEP-Web content…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Did you know that you can download a bibliography of all content available on PEP Web to import to Endnote, Refer, or other bibliography manager? Just click on the link found at the bottom of the webpage. You can import into any UTF-8 (Unicode) compatible software which can import data in “Refer” format. You can get a free trial of one such program, Endnote, by clicking here.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Knapp, P.H. (1991). Emotion And The Psychoanalytic Encounter. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 39S(Supplement):239-263.

(1991). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 39S(Supplement):239-263

Emotion And The Psychoanalytic Encounter

Peter H. Knapp, M.D.

Three overlapping aspects of emotion are important in the clinical psychoanalytic encounter: (1) Expressive-Communicative features comprise a transactional network of lexical, acoustic, kinesic, and visceral signals passing between the two participants. Some of the analyst's "freely hovering attention," ideally, includes empathic perception tuned to the stream of emotional information. Part of the force of the analytic approach derives from restricting feedback to patients, so that they generate their own. (2) Regulatory aspects of emotion are provided early in life by outer and later by internalized cues. Smooth regulation is a goal, dysregulation is a target, of psychoanalysis. In crises, psychopharmacologic intervention may be necessary. However, the most effective regulatory influences are the stabilizing analytic holding environment and the caring empathy of the analyst, mainly articulated in words. (3) Motivational aspects of emotion stem from their ingrained coupling with cognitive componens in unconscious fantasies, especially self representations or schemas; these require multileveled integrative empathic grasp by the analyst, in a kind of trial identification. Such schemas organize and are organized by primitive emotions. They are influenced by psychoanalytic work, which combines cognitive learning with early modes of internalization and with slow patterns of extinction and reinforcement. These all coalesce in the symbolic activity of insight, which is part result, and part cause of emotional growth.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.