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Wilson, A. Weinstein, L. (1992). Language and the Psychoanalytic Process: Psychoanalysis and Vygotskian Psychology, Part II. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 40:725-759.

(1992). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 40:725-759

Language and the Psychoanalytic Process: Psychoanalysis and Vygotskian Psychology, Part II

Arnold Wilson, Ph.D. and Lissa Weinstein, Ph.D.

ABSTRACT

This paper follows our previous one, where we described a psychoanalytic conception of language, thought, and internalization that is informed by the thinking of Lev Vygotsky. Here, several aspects of the analytic process which allow for the understanding of ineffable experiences in the analysand's history and the analytic situation are investigated: specifically, primal repression, metaphor, and the role of speech in free association. It is suggested that Freud's notion of primal repression be revived and redefined as one aspect of the descriptive unconscious. Some implications of primal repression for transference and resistance are explored. The metaphoric in its broad sense is examined as one example of how early dynamic experiences embedded in the process of language acquisition can be reached within the clinical situation. It is proposed that an understanding of free association is enhanced by awareness of distinctions between inner, egocentric, and social speech. The basic rule can be interpreted as an invitation for the analysand to use inner speech in collaboration with the analyst as best he or she can. Further, the aliveness and degree of superficiality of the analysis can be seen as a function of the analyst's ability to appreciate the properties of inner speech and foster the conditions in the analysis that allow for its unfolding.

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