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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Cooper, A.M. (1993). Paranoia: A Part of Most Analyses. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 41:423-442.

(1993). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 41:423-442

Paranoia: A Part of Most Analyses

Arnold M. Cooper, M.D.


Paranoid defenses appear during most analyses, sometimes with great intensity, but often subtly, and require specific analytic attention. Preoedipal conflicts, inner fears around passivity, narcissistic injury and rage, and subsequent masochistic and projective defenses lie at the core of these patients' pathology. In addition, specific cognitive, object-relational, and affective distortions reflecting multiple developmental levels emerge during analysis. A case vignette is provided to demonstrate the analysis of a neurotic patient without borderline features who showed prominent paranoid formation.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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