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Lichtenberg, J.D. (1994). How Libido Theory Shaped Technique (1911–1915). J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 42:727-739.

(1994). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 42:727-739

How Libido Theory Shaped Technique (1911–1915)

Joseph D. Lichtenberg, M.D.


Freud's papers on technique were written at a time when he could express supreme confidence in the psychoanalytic process, based on his theory of libido. Freud was far less sanguine about the practices of many contemporary analysts; consequently the papers contain far more don't's than do's. From the vantage point of today, these papers portray a transitional stage in psychoanalysis, an age of innocence, in comparison to the complexities of our current view of the interaction between analyst and analysand.

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