Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see definitions for highlighted words…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Some important words in PEP Web articles are highlighted when you place your mouse pointer over them. Clicking on the words will display a definition from a psychoanalytic dictionary in a small window.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Inderbitzin, L.B. Levy, S.T. (1994). On Grist for the Mill: External Reality as Defense. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 42:763-788.

(1994). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 42:763-788

On Grist for the Mill: External Reality as Defense

Lawrence B. Inderbitzin, M.D. and Steven T. Levy, M.D.


The meaning of the "grist for the mill" metaphor has undergone a shift from "analyzing everything" to "everything is analyzable." This is used as a point of departure for exploring some of the multiple, complicated, and often unrecognized ways reality is used defensively by analyst and analysand. The point of view presented is in the spirit of a balancing perspective with regard to current trends in psychoanalysis which emphasize interactions, the analyst's contribution to transference, reality experiences as causation of psychopathology, and the role of the "real" relationship in the mechanism of therapeutic action.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.