Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To refine your search with the author’s first initial…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

If you get a large number of results after searching for an article by a specific author, you can refine your search by adding the author’s first initial. For example, try writing “Freud, S.” in the Author box of the Search Tool.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Rothstein, A. (1995). Commentaries. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 43:368-372.

(1995). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 43:368-372


Arnold Rothstein

Freud and the founders of psychoanalysis were burdened with an idealization of the power of insight. They believed that if you made the unconscious conscious a cure would result. Working through is the term Freud (1914) introduced to explain why interpretation does not provide immediate and lasting therapeutic success. Freud's and all subsequent discussions of working through are explanations of why analytic work requires frequent sessions characterized by frequent and repetitive interpretations over long periods of time. In other words, discussions of working through are discussions of modes of therapeutic action—discussions of how analysis works. As Brenner (1987) has put it, “working through … is analysis” (p. 103).

In this brief discussion I suggest that the term working through is redundant and should be discarded. The term analytic work or the phrase “the work of analysis” more accurately describes the interminable activity of the analytic collaboration.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.