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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Wallerstein, R.S. (1998). The New American Psychoanalysis: A Commentary. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 46(4):1021-1043.

(1998). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 46(4):1021-1043

The New American Psychoanalysis: A Commentary

Robert S. Wallerstein

In her very moving plenary address, in which she describes the intertwining of her own painful life vicissitudes with those of her patient and with the vicissitudes of the treatment, Evelyne Albrecht Schwaber begins with the question, probably rhetorical, “Are we in the midst of a paradigm shift?” Or, as she goes on to ask, “is it the narcissism of each generation that leads us to believe that ours is a truly new and different step?” I think that we collectively agree, those of us who participated in the panels at San Diego, that indeed, at least in America, we have been engaged, over the past fifteen years or so, in a major shift—call it a paradigm shift or not—in our conceptualization of the nature of the psychoanalytic enterprise, both in theory and in practice. It should be said, of course, that this new conceptualization, or reconceptualization, had already occurred elsewhere, over a period of many decades (within, for example, the British object relations school), and had had its forerunners just as long ago in America—in Harry Stack Sullivan's interpersonal perspective, which at the time was not accepted within the ego psychological mainstream.

That

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