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Tip: To review the bibliography…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

It is always useful to review an article’s bibliography and references to get a deeper understanding of the psychoanalytic concepts and theoretical framework in it.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Roughton, R.E. (2001). Four Men in Treatment: An Evolving Perspective on Homosexuality and Bisexuality, 1965 to 2000. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 49(4):1187-1217.

(2001). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 49(4):1187-1217

Four Men in Treatment: An Evolving Perspective on Homosexuality and Bisexuality, 1965 to 2000

Ralph E. Roughton

The author surveys his work with gay and bisexual men and his evolving clinical understanding, spanning a thirty-five-year period from 1965 to 2000. Four cases are discussed briefly, one from each decade, to illustrate the changing clinical approach, and the following conclusions drawn: (1) sexual orientation and mental health should be approached as independent dimensions; (2) heterosexual orientation is not a required outcome for successful analysis; (3) an analytic process focused on uncovering a presumed “pathological etiology” inevitably distorts the process and obscures more relevant analytic needs; (4) unrecognized heterosexist assumptions and unfamiliarity with norms of gay men's lives pose special barriers to analytic work with gay men. Ongoing self-analysis and self-education are necessary to reduce interferences that keep analysts from listening to their gay patients with open and unbiased attention.

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