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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Gay, P. (2007). Freud. By Jonathan Lear. New York: Routledge, 2005, 278 pp., $95.00 hardcover, $24.95 paperback.. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 55(2):720-724.

(2007). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 55(2):720-724

Freud. By Jonathan Lear. New York: Routledge, 2005, 278 pp., $95.00 hardcover, $24.95 paperback.

Review by:
Peter Gay

There are, we all know, several useful introductions to Freud's work for the nonspecialist. Now we have one more. The author, Jonathan Lear, is fully aware that he is joining a crowded field, but, as he explicitly insists, his book is different; it is, he claims, a “philosophical introduction.” No doubt he is exceptionally well placed to write such an introduction, for he is both a professional philosopher and an analyst trained at the Western New England Institute for Psychoanalysis. Still, it will emerge that he would have done Freud a greater favor if he had relied less on philosophy and more on history or, at least, biography. That would have given him better access to, and a more sensitive reading of, a set of ideas firmly rooted in an intellectual tradition than quoting Plato. Even psychoanalysts innocent of philosophy must know—Freud, after all, said so himself—that his and Plato's view of human nature bear striking similarities.

In organizing his material, Lear loosely follows the evolution of Freud the psychoanalyst. He begins with a chapter on the unconscious and then moves on to sexuality, dreams, transference, the principles of mental functioning, and the structure of the psyche, and closes with Freud's views on morality and religion. This last segment of Freud's work is, to his mind, its “least valuable aspect” (p. 192). This is not the only part of Freud's psychoanalytic theorizing that he finds fault with. Being at once involved (as an analyst) and detached (as a philosopher), Lear does have some useful distance from the ideas he is presenting.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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