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Mazzola, K. Putnam, M. Freer, B.D. Pievsky, M. Abuelhiga, L. Tiersky, L. (2015). The Relationship between Defense Style and Self-Esteem in a Sample of Cognitive Complainers. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 63(4):NP10-NP14.

(2015). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 63(4):NP10-NP14

The Relationship between Defense Style and Self-Esteem in a Sample of Cognitive Complainers

Kevin Mazzola, Megan Putnam, Benjamin D. Freer, Michelle Pievsky, Leila Abuelhiga and Lana Tiersky

DSM-IV-TR describes psychological defense mechanisms as “automatic psychological processes that protect the individual against anxiety and from the awareness of internal or external dangers or Stressors.” These defense mechanisms are stable, unconscious processes universally used by people to protect the psyche from anxiety (Davidson and MacGregor 1998; Cramer 2009). Self-esteem is concerned with a person's self-evaluation and attitude toward self, and indeed everyone is motivated to maintain a high level of self-esteem (James 1890; Pyszczynski et al. 2004). Both defense mechanisms and level of self-esteem have been established as important factors in an individual's functioning (Pyszczynski et al.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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