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Bryan, D. (1929). British Psycho-Analytical Society. Bul. Int. Psychoanal. Assn., 10:528-530.

(1929). Bulletin of the International Psycho-Analytic Association, 10:528-530

British Psycho-Analytical Society

Douglas Bryan

Fourth Quarter, 1928

October 3, 1928. Annual meeting of members. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year:

President: Dr. Ernest Jones.

Hon. Treasurer: Dr. W. H. B. Stoddart.

Hon. Secretary: Dr. Douglas Bryan.

Hon. Librarian: Miss Barbara Low.

Members of Council: Dr. M. D. Eder, Dr. Edward Glover, Dr. John Rickman and Mrs. Riviere.

Training Committee: Dr. Bryan, Mr. Flügel, Dr. Glover, Dr. Jones, Dr. Payne and Dr. Rickman.

The Secretary reported that the Society now consisted of twenty-seven Members, thirty-one Associate Members, and two Honorary Members.

November 7, 1928. Mr. J. C. Flügel: Notes on the psychology of clothing.

The most fundamental contribution of psycho-analysis to the psychology of clothes concerns the ambivalent mental attitude towards most of the problems of dress, e.g. in the omnipresent and contrasted motives of display and modesty, also between the combined satisfactions derived from clothes (satisfactions which are themselves in other respects often mutually antagonistic) and the desires which are opposed to the wearing of clothes at all.

Principal sources of satisfaction: (1) Phallic, e.g. hat, shoe, tie, collar, mantle, etc. Stiffness or discomfort as an additional satisfaction. The idea 'stiffness = moral firmness or restraint'. (2) Uterine. Clothes symbolizing the womb. Connection between sensitiveness to cold (and consequent need of protection) and lack of love. The tendencies which oppose themselves to the wearing of clothes (and the satisfactions which are inhibited by clothes) chiefly connected with exhibitionism, skin erotism and muscle erotism. When little displacement (phallic or uterine) of primitive interests on to clothes occurs, much of the antagonism towards clothes that is displayed by very young children may be retained throughout life.

Changes in fashion consist of: (1) Variations in the part of the body emphasized (variety of phallic equivalents). (2) Variations in the relative importance of phallic and uterine displacements. (3) Variations in the relative importance of display and modesty. (4) Variations in the relative amounts of libido displaced on to clothes (as compared with the body).

November 21, 1928. Dr. Adrian Stephen gave an abstract of Dr. Sándor Radó's paper 'The Psychical Effects of Intoxication', and opened a discussion on it.

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