International Review of Psychoanalysis of Couple and Family (www.aipcf.net) (ISSN 2105-1038) 8 - 2010/2 - Suffering in the links and its transformations through couple and family psychoanalysis
Vestige Links, Ghost Links
Summary: According to the author, if the birth of the link is under the auspices of the object investment, its effects do not depend on mere presence, which would involve a simultaneous disappearance of the link and of the object invested. A link that would apply only in the presence of the other would be weak and its effects corollary labile. During mourning, the libidinal investments in the link are ‘recycled’, including those made of hate. Ultimately, it remains a ‘vestige link’ whose economic thickness decreases while the qualitative aspects remain. In some pathological situations marred by mystery, shame and fear, a ‘ghost link’ may appear, which exercises an occult but harmful control over the survivor of the link. Psychoanalytic family therapy finds there a prime indication to take over, mend, repair and bring the link to a position of ‘vestige’.
Key words: family psychoanalysis, intersubjective link, vestige link, link topology.
Narcissism and Otherness in the Link
Summary: The author starts from the hypothesis that undifferentiated ties in couples and families originate from primarynarcissism, while differentiated ties are built in a relationship with the object originating from secondarynarcissism.
In a parental couple, an unconsciousconflict between the other and oneself culminates in cases of neuroses by a repression of fantasies in order to protect the psychism. In this type of couple, unfortunately, the relationship with the child often enables this conflict to be diverted on to ‘an other’ that is represented by the child, carrier of the parental conflict.
The story of Juan comes to illustrate this hypothesis, illustrated by A. Eiguer in 1998, where a couple decides to ‘make’ a child for fear of one partner's unconscious ascendancy over the other. We are talking here about ill-developed narcissistic relationships between partners that prevent the recognition of the other's otherness and that are often found in couples
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confronted with an analytic fear of loss. Recognising the other's otherness requires a transformation.
This development occurs via a third party who represents the paternal function or the maternal function according to the subject's needs. These two functions can in certain cases be assigned to a family psychoanalyst carrying projections of omnipotence that can, consequently, oscillate between them both.
Key words: undifferentiated link, intersubjective link, otherness of the other, analytic couple, ‘primordial’ narcissism, thirdness function.
The past within the Present: Traumatic Experiences and Transference in Psychoanalytic Family Therapy
Almeida-Prado Maria Do Carmo Cintra, Possas-Lima Livia
Summary: Traumatic situations, with the impact of surprise and the extreme anxiety they cause, restrict the possibility of symbolisation. All psychoanalytic work is a process of communication. Therefore, a simple question, if considered in its concreteness, can prevent that a universe of relations and traumatic experiences reveals itself and can be approached in the therapeutic frame. Transference is a structure where there is always movement and activity and must be thought in terms of whole situations, transferred from past to present with its emotional charge, defenses and object relationships. In psychoanalytic family therapy, transference is a product of group fantasy and specific family activity. From a question made by a family member, assisted in a university public hospital service, the authors discuss the specificity of psychoanalytic listening and its importance for the elaboration of traumatic experiences. A clinical case is presented relating to a family who considered it possible to keep working relations both with drug dealers and the police, until the murder of staff members and others related to the situation left only family members remaining alive.
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(2011). Abstracts from other Journals. Cpl. Fam. Psychoanal., 1(2):266-267