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Jaitin, R. (2016). Ways and Voices in the Psychoanalysis of Links According to Enrique Pichon-Rivière. Cpl. Fam. Psychoanal., 6(2):159-172.

(2016). Couple and Family Psychoanalysis, 6(2):159-172

Ways and Voices in the Psychoanalysis of Links According to Enrique Pichon-Rivière1

Rosa Jaitin, Ph.D.

This article covers several stages of the work of Pichon-Rivière. In the 1950s he introduced the hypothesis of “the link as a four way relationship” (of reciprocal love and hate) between the baby and the mother. Clinical work with psychosis and psychosomatic disorders prompted him to examine how mental illness arises; its areas of expression, the degree of symbolisation, and the different fields of clinical observation. From the 1960s onwards, his experience with groups and families led him to explore a second path leading to “the voices of the link”—the voice of the internal family sub-group, and the place of the social and cultural voice where the link develops. This brought him to the definition of the link as a “bi-corporal and tri-personal structure”. The author brings together the different levels of the analysis of the link, using as a clinical example the process of a psychoanalytic couple therapy with second generation descendants of a genocide within the limits of the transferential and countertransferential field. Body language (the core of the transgenerational link) and the couple's absences and presence during sessions create a rhythm that gives rise to an illusion, ultimately transforming the intersubjective link between the partners in the couple and with the analyst.

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