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PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


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On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Ross, J.M. (1998). The Movies: The Femme Fatale and the Battle of the Sexes. Gender and Psychoanalysis, 3(2):213-233.

(1998). Gender and Psychoanalysis, 3(2):213-233

The Movies: The Femme Fatale and the Battle of the Sexes

John Munder Ross, Ph.D.

This paper is distilled from two chapters of the author's book The Sadomasochism of Everyday Life (1997). In this contribution, eleven principles are developed.

(1) Sadomasochism is an expression of a fundamental death instinct or Nirvana principle in all individuals, all of whom are born to die. (2) Sadomasochism provides one major way of channeling one's own dangerous aggression toward others. (3) It portrays the fact that pleasurable stimulation and painful stimulation are always closely associated. (4) Sadomasochism both expresses and defends against the lack of personal boundaries. (5) It both defends against and expresses a threatening, yet desirable, loss of sexual identity. For a man, it reveals his highly conflicted wish to be a woman. (6) Sadomasochism represents the achievement of moral self-restraint, that is, superego—ego conflicts derive, in part, from unconscious primal scene fantasies involving masochistic homoerotic submission to the parent of the same sex. (7) It is a regressive alternative to facing the conflicts encountered in becoming an independent and responsible man or woman. (8) It empowers the self. (9) Sadomasochism represents a symbolic transcendence over actual death and destruction. (10) It is a cultural requirement of groups and individuals that guarantees social stability and personal protection, and maintains societal and psychic equilibrium. And (11) sadomasochism obeys the two basic principles of “overdetermination” and “multiple function.”

In this paper, sadomasochism's presence in the contemporary media will be examined.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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