Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To refine search by publication year…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Having problems finding an article? Writing the year of its publication in Search for Words or Phrases in Context will help narrow your search.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Pfister, O. (1922). Plato: A Fore-Runner of Psycho-Analysis. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 3:169-174.

(1922). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 3:169-174

Plato: A Fore-Runner of Psycho-Analysis

O. Pfister

Of all thinkers of the western world Plato was the first to observe our subject deeply and to describe it plainly. According to him, Eros, Love, is above all the instinct of sex or propagation.

He did not in the least depreciate the part played in life by these instincts; the union of man and woman for the purpose of procreation was to him a holy thing (Symposium, chap. 25). But love reaches still greater heights: in the body it seeks and finds the beautiful, noble and gifted soul (Nachmansohn, 78), so that impregnation becomes a spiritual deed. On the ground of this spiritualization Plato creates for himself a reason (or pretext) for praising the love of boys so highly, which as an ethical attitude he places above the love of women. He sees in philosophical tendencies a further exaltation of the love-instinct; Eros is turned to the abstract, to the world of ideas. Finally love attains divinity.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.