Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To receive notifications about new content…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Want to receive notifications about new content in PEP Web? For more information about this feature, click here

To sign up to PEP Web Alert for weekly emails with new content updates click click here.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Abraham, K. (1925). The Influence of Oral Erotism on Character-Formation. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 6:247-258.

(1925). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 6:247-258

The Influence of Oral Erotism on Character-Formation

Karl Abraham

According to the usual view the formation of character is to be traced back partly to inherited dispositions, and partly to the effect of environment, under which a particular significance is ascribed to up-bringing. Psycho-analytical investigation, however, has drawn attention to sources of character-formation which had not previously been sufficiently considered. On the basis of psycho-analytical experience we conclude that those elements of the infantile sexuality which are excluded from participation in the sexual life of the adult individual undergo transformation to some extent into certain character-traits. Freud, as is well known, was the first to show that certain elements of infantile anal erotism suffer this fate. Some part of the anal erotism enters into the final organization of mature sexual life, part of it undergoes sublimation, and the rest finds an outlet in character-formation. These contributions to character from anal sources are to be regarded as normal. They render it possible for the individual to adapt himself to the demands of his environment as regards cleanliness, love of order, and so on.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.