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Gillespie, W.H. (1936). General: Paul Schilder. 'Psychopathologie der Zeit.' Imago, 1935, Bd. XXI, p. 261.. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 17:515-516.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: General: Paul Schilder. 'Psychopathologie der Zeit.' Imago, 1935, Bd. XXI, p. 261.

(1936). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 17:515-516

General: Paul Schilder. 'Psychopathologie der Zeit.' Imago, 1935, Bd. XXI, p. 261.

W. H. Gillespie

The world of primitive experience is one of movement and change dependent on temporal experience. Time is a perception, part of the outer world, but also an experience in ourselves.

Alterations in the perception of time are described: in 'déjà vu' and depersonalization; in obsessional neurosis and depression, where the sadistic positions require eternity of torture or destruction; in schizophrenia, where time becomes empty from withdrawal of libido. Time is connected with anal erotism and hunger (Harnik and Jones) and the relation to objective time can be altered by all sorts of instinctual impulses. Ideas about the future are vague and symbolic, depending on the current libidinal state.

In mescaline and hashish intoxication time disorder is not primary, and there is always a disturbance of general perceptual function.

Psychogenic amnesia demonstrates repression of time perception; experiments in sleep shew that external stimuli are not essential for estimation of time.

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Remembering the past is a constructive process and actual time perception is bound up with it. The time of the physicists is useful for forecasting the mechanical side of life, but is one-sided. The experience of time, like that of death, is not unitary, but depends on the instincts and impulses of the living individual, which by a process of construction give form to objects and to their relationship in time.

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Article Citation

Gillespie, W.H. (1936). General. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 17:515-516

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