Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To refine search by publication year…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Having problems finding an article? Writing the year of its publication in Search for Words or Phrases in Context will help narrow your search.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Waelder, R. (1951). The Structure of Paranoid Ideas—A Critical Survey of Various Theories. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 32:167-177.

(1951). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 32:167-177

The Structure of Paranoid Ideas—A Critical Survey of Various Theories Language Translation

Robert Waelder

SUMMARY

1. Various attempts at explaining psycho-analytically the formation of paranoid ideas are reviewed. With one exception they do not seem to explain satisfactorily the distinctive characteristic of paranoid ideas, viz. their inaccessibility to influence. The exception is provided by Freud's late hypothesis that the adherence to a delusional idea is due to its intrinsic, though distorted, content of truth.

2. There are three possible solutions to the conflicts between individual instinctual equipment and reality: an equilibrium can be established by changing reality (alloplasticism) or by changing the instinct (autoplasticism) or by changing neither but denying one or the other. These methods lead, wherever successful, to various types of normality, i.e. a dominating type, a submissive type, and a type with a rich phantasy life. When unsuccessful, they provide the breeding ground for psychopathy, psychoneurosis, and paranoia respectively.

3. Furthermore, it is suggested that if warded-off instinctual drives make their come-back, the return has the same form as the defence mechanism had; they return, as it were, through the same door through which they were ousted (isomorphism). If the defence mechanism had the form of denial, the return must have the form of an assertion. One type of paranoid ideas at least, the delusion of persecution, may be the result of an (incomplete) return of a denied instinct.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.