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Grotjahn, M. (1954). About the Relation Between Psycho-Analytic Training and Psycho-Analytic Therapy. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 35:254-262.

(1954). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 35:254-262

About the Relation Between Psycho-Analytic Training and Psycho-Analytic Therapy

Martin Grotjahn, M.D.


The relation between analytic training and analytic therapy can best be studied if training is divided into three different parts as reflected in the three parts of this presentation:

1. Special Aspects of Training or 'Preparatory' Analysis.

2. The Timing and Meaning of Classroom Teaching.

3. The Importance and Specificity of Analytic Supervision.

Part I. Special Aspects of Training or 'Preparatory' Analysis

A training analysis under our modern institutes for psycho-analysis is different—but should not be different—from a therapeutic analysis. The difference between therapeutic analysis and training analysis is comparable to the difference between a patient and a sick physician. The sick physician while consulting a colleague will announce that he wants to behave and wants to be treated 'just like any other patient'. This is easier said than done. The difficulty lies both in the sick physician and in the treating physician.

The sick physician cannot forget his medical knowledge, and the candidate in training cannot forget that he is in training and not 'only' in therapy. The realistic fact that his professional career and his analysis are combined influences especially the early stages of his training analysis; such aim influences profoundly the realistic and the transference relationship. When this is kept in mind, technical devices can be found and applied to bring training closer to therapy.

Training is conducted in an analytic atmosphere different from the transference situation as we know it in therapeutic analysis.

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