Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To use Evernote for note taking…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Evernote is a general note taking application that integrates with your browser. You can use it to save entire articles, bookmark articles, take notes, and more. It comes in both a free version which has limited synchronization capabilities, and also a subscription version, which raises that limit. You can download Evernote for your computer here. It can be used online, and there’s an app for it as well.

Some of the things you can do with Evernote:

  • Save search-result lists
  • Save complete articles
  • Save bookmarks to articles

 

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Stokes, A. (1960). A Game that Must be Lost. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 41:70-76.

(1960). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 41:70-76

A Game that Must be Lost

Adrian Stokes

I

The aims of instinctual urges are never abandoned nor always reconciled under the pressure of reality: out of this situation there arise the developments and divisions of the psyche and the elaboration of the ego's defences. Are these vast, complicated structures, then, the fruit of so simple a conflict, or is the incessant and always acute character of conflict due as well to an absolute opposition in the first place between basic drives themselves?

There is today no agreement over the matter: the disagreement is the principal cause for conflict in the psycho-analytic movement. I am on the side that favours an initial scene of inner conflict per se, in accordance with Freud's later theory. I suspect that even in the distant past, had there existed in the theory of conflict this stronger duality, neither Adler nor Jung could have driven monist paths at the edges of psycho-analytic understanding.

Do you conceive of pressures from the external world, from reality and the instinct of self-preservation, as the entire other term in conflict with the urges of the sexual instincts? There has been much attraction in this view: it appears that a more profound basis for inner conflict is a hesitant demand solely of psychology among the biological sciences. Yet libido as a whole, it seems to me, requires an inner opponent if we are to find good reason for the very existence of the ego itself, the hardened rind of the id that withstands the pressures, frustrations, and dangers of the external world.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.