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The list of books available on PEP Web is sorted alphabetically, with the exception of Freud’s Collected Works, Glossaries, and Dictionaries. You can find this list in the Books Section.

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Little, M. (1960). On Basic Unity. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 41:637.

(1960). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 41:637

On Basic Unity

Margaret Little

The Editor regrets that by a typographical error the last three paragraphs and references of Dr. Little's article on pp. 377–384 of this Volume were omitted. Their text is as follows:

Freud quotes Robertson Smith (Kinship and Marriage, 1885) 'Identifications which lie at the root of clan feeling rest upon the recognition of a common substance, and may even therefore be brought about by a meal eaten in common.' Here again we have the substance, the concrete thing, and bodily experience. The Christian idea of Communion rests upon the concrete symbols of bread and wine which are believed to provide a means of resurrection after death, i.e. survival of the body.

I know that this could be understood in terms of relationship of an oral kind, but I want to remind you of the two points from which I started: (i) the attempts made by patients to establish union or identity with the analyst, and (ii) the importance for them of body happenings.

To sum up:

Within an individual both survival and the ability to find objects with which relationships can be formed depend upon the existence of a unity which comes from the entity mother-infant (or analyst-analysand). From it a rhythm of differentiation and reassimilation or integration comes. It provides the 'stillness at the centre' which allows of movement and perception; it is the sine qua non for living continuously in one's body, for having an identity, and for being identical with, and able to make assertion or statement of, oneself.


BALINT, M. 1955 'The Doctor, his Patient and the Illness, ' Lancet 2 April, 1955

BALINT, M. The Doctor, his Patient and the Illness (London: Pitman, 1957 .)

BALINT, M. 1958 'The Three Areas of the Mind.' Int. J. Psychoanal. 39 [→]

BION, W. R. 1958 'On Arrogance.' Int. J. Psychoanal. 39 [→]

BION, W. R. 1959 'Attacks on Linking.' Int. J. Psychoanal. 40 [→]

FORDHAM, M. 1960 'Countertransference.' Brit. J. Med. Psychol. 33

FREUD, S. 1906 'Delusions and Dreams in Jensen's "Gradiva".' S.E. 9 [→]

FREUD, S. 1914 'On Narcissism.' S.E. 14 [→]

FREUD, S. 1921 'Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego.' S.E. 18 [→]

LITTLE, M. 1958 'On Delusional Transference (Transference Psychosis).' Int. J. Psychoanal. 39 [→]

SECHEHAYE, MARGUERITE-A. Symbolic Realization (New York: International Univ. Press, 1951 .)

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