Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To search for a specific phrase…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Did you write an article’s title and the article did not appear in the search results? Or do you want to find a specific phrase within the article? Go to the Search section and write the title or phrase surrounded by quotations marks in the “Search for Words or Phrases in Context” area.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

(1969). Some Early Unpublished Letters of Freud. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 50:419-427.

(1969). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 50:419-427

Some Early Unpublished Letters of Freud


This collection of letters to Emil Fluss written by Sigmund Freud at the age of 16, 17 and 18, is among the earliest of Freud's writings to have been preserved. But what gives them their greatest significance is the manner in which they bear vivid testimony to his personality.

The friendly relationship between the two families—Freud and Fluss—goes back to the time before Jacob Freud left Freiberg in 1859. Sigmund was then three years old and it was not until he was 16 that he returned, for the first time, to his home-town, in the company of two friends, to spend his holidays there as a guest of the Fluss family. There were three brothers, Emil, Richard and Alfred, and two sisters. Of Gisela, the younger one, Freud writes to his fiancée in his (unpublished) letter of 28 October 1883:

Did I ever tell you that Gisela was my first love when I was but 16 years old? No? Well, then you can have a good laugh at me, firstly on account of my taste and also because I never spoke a meaningful, much less an amiable word to the child. Looking back, I would say that seeing my old home-town again had made me feel sentimental.

The letters have a strange history which is well worth mentioning. In the 1930s they were offered for sale to Dorothy Burlingham in Vienna, who bought them and gave them as a present to her friend Anna Freud. The pages of these letters, now almost 100 years old, were faded and the writing almost illegible. This may explain why they had remained comparatively unknown.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.