Help us improve PEP Web. If you find any problem, click the Report a Problem link located at the bottom right corner of the website.
For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.
Kligerman, C. (1972). Panel on 'Creativity'. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 53:21-30.
(1972). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 53:21-30
Panel on 'Creativity'
Chairman: León Grinberg, Buenos Aires
Members: D. J. de Levita, Amsterdam; Bernard C. Meyer, New York; Michel de M'Uzan, Paris; Richard Sterba, Detroit
Panel Discussion at the 27th International Psycho-Analytical Congress, Vienna, 29 July 1971
After introducing the members of the panel, the chairman, Dr Grinberg, delivered a brief but comprehensive historical survey of previous approaches to this subject, citing mainly the work of Freud, Sachs, Rank, Hartmann, Kris, Melanie Klein and Phyllis Greenacre. Grinberg felt it would be most profitable for the present panel to discuss those aspects of the creative process which have not yet been sufficiently clarified, to reconsider the validity of some concepts, to consider new perspectives, and to discuss certain antitheses such as the innate opposed to early object relations or creativity and psychosis.
His own contribution dealt with the latter, noting that while every individual is endowed with creative capacity, at least two types exist: (1) the ordinary one, i.e. the exclusive patrimony of the human race, and (2) the exceptional creativity and originality characteristic of certain remarkably gifted individuals. The theoretical understanding of the second category is still in a highly controversial state, e.g. the relation to severe psychopathology, the role of the unconscious in creativity, etc.
Grinberg then presented his own views which stemmed largely from the work of a study group coordinated by him.
All humans have potentialities which may develop into true creativity or genius, depending on certain ego capacities and the quality of internal and external object relationships.
[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]