Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Kligerman, C. (1972). Panel on 'Creativity'. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 53:21-30.

(1972). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 53:21-30

Panel on 'Creativity'

Charles Kligerman

Chairman: León Grinberg, Buenos Aires

Members: D. J. de Levita, Amsterdam; Bernard C. Meyer, New York; Michel de M'Uzan, Paris; Richard Sterba, Detroit

Panel Discussion at the 27th International Psycho-Analytical Congress, Vienna, 29 July 1971

After introducing the members of the panel, the chairman, Dr Grinberg, delivered a brief but comprehensive historical survey of previous approaches to this subject, citing mainly the work of Freud, Sachs, Rank, Hartmann, Kris, Melanie Klein and Phyllis Greenacre. Grinberg felt it would be most profitable for the present panel to discuss those aspects of the creative process which have not yet been sufficiently clarified, to reconsider the validity of some concepts, to consider new perspectives, and to discuss certain antitheses such as the innate opposed to early object relations or creativity and psychosis.

His own contribution dealt with the latter, noting that while every individual is endowed with creative capacity, at least two types exist: (1) the ordinary one, i.e. the exclusive patrimony of the human race, and (2) the exceptional creativity and originality characteristic of certain remarkably gifted individuals. The theoretical understanding of the second category is still in a highly controversial state, e.g. the relation to severe psychopathology, the role of the unconscious in creativity, etc.

Grinberg then presented his own views which stemmed largely from the work of a study group coordinated by him.

All humans have potentialities which may develop into true creativity or genius, depending on certain ego capacities and the quality of internal and external object relationships.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.