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In-depth analysis of Winnicott’s psychoanalytic theorization was conducted by Jan Abrams in her work The Language of Winnicott. You can access it directly by clicking here.

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Shapiro, D. (1974). The Training Setting in Training Analysis: A Retrospective View of the Evaluative and Reporting Role and Other 'Hampering' Factors. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 55:297-306.

(1974). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 55:297-306

The Training Setting in Training Analysis: A Retrospective View of the Evaluative and Reporting Role and Other 'Hampering' Factors

Daniel Shapiro

There are two contrasting points of view prevalent among training analysts about the deterrent effects of the analyst's evaluative 'reality' role. Wide differences exist between the approaches of such educators as Babcock (1969), Benedek (1969), (1972), G. Bibring (1954), Fleming (1969b), (1972) and Ross (1969) on the one hand and Bernfeld (1962), Anna Freud (1950, 1938), Greenacre (1966), Kairys (1964), McLaughlin (1967), Nacht (1954), Stone (quoted by Calef, 1972) and Szasz (1958), (1962) on the other. Nevertheless, psychoanalytic educators are preparing to alter the evaluative and reporting roles hitherto assigned to the training analyst, putting the moral force of action by official psychoanalytic organizations on the side of total protection of the confidentiality of the candidate. Calef (1972) reported to the 27th International Psycho-Analytical Congress in Vienna, 1971 that there was a 'growing trend towards the organizational elimination of the training analyst from the assessment procedures and a concomitant separation of the didactic analysis from the rest of psychoanalytic training'. The new approach to assessment of candidate progress is designed to assure that under no circumstances would the training analyst communicate with, or receive communication from, the governing committees of the Institute regarding his candidate's analytic progress or qualifications.

This proposal and suggestions now under consideration in some training centres that training analysis not even be a requirement during candidacy are based upon strongly felt impressions rather than facts.

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