Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To use Evernote for note taking…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Evernote is a general note taking application that integrates with your browser. You can use it to save entire articles, bookmark articles, take notes, and more. It comes in both a free version which has limited synchronization capabilities, and also a subscription version, which raises that limit. You can download Evernote for your computer here. It can be used online, and there’s an app for it as well.

Some of the things you can do with Evernote:

  • Save search-result lists
  • Save complete articles
  • Save bookmarks to articles


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Baranger, W. (1974). A Discussion of the Paper by Helena Besserman Vianna on 'A Peculiar Form of Resistance to Psycho-Analytical Treatment'. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 55:445-447.

(1974). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 55:445-447

A Discussion of the Paper by Helena Besserman Vianna on 'A Peculiar Form of Resistance to Psycho-Analytical Treatment' Related Papers

Willy Baranger

It is well known that Freud's references to the negative therapeutic reaction are not very frequent and that this phenomenon has very seldom been treated in works published after Freud. However, it is worth consideration, for it represents a common cause of failure—or a menace to success—of the analytical process. It is therefore to the credit of Dr Vianna (this issue) to have taken it up, the more so since it gives us an opportunity to relate her observations to our own experience and understanding of the problem.

This confrontation is likely to elicit some surprise among us. The negative therapeutic reaction is a phenomenon we all talk about but which we are in fact far from understanding. In our opinion, the problem should be approached from two different points of view which, while closely related, should be clearly distinguished: first, the delimitation of the phenomenon itself, and second, the processes that underlie or produce the phenomenon. The first process appears to us through our difficulty in clearly determining, at the level of clinical description, those elements that should be ranged under the label of negative therapeutic reaction and those that should be seen as other forms of resistance or other causes for the failure of a psychoanalytical treatment.

We have at our disposal a clear and concrete point of departure: Freud's description of the negative therapeutic reaction as a paradoxical response on the part of the analysand to an interpretation, which constitutes in itself a step forward towards analytic understanding.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.