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After you perform a search, you can sort the articles by Year. This will rearrange the results of your search chronologically, displaying the earliest published articles first. This feature is useful to trace the development of a specific psychoanalytic concept through time.

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Easser, B.R. (1976). A Discussion of the Paper by H. M. Southwood on 'Analysis as Experience'. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 57:175-177.

(1976). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 57:175-177

A Discussion of the Paper by H. M. Southwood on 'Analysis as Experience'

B. Ruth Easser

Psychoanalysis, by necessity, has had as its baseline, in fact as its principal armamentorium, words. To permit other than highly symbolic communication within the psychoanalytic situation is to defeat the purpose and often to arouse a degree of anxiety in the patient that precludes further work. Anna Freud (1946) in describing the analytic situation and the purpose of free association stated,

The ego is … requested to be silent and the id is invited to speak and promised that its derivatives shall not encounter the usual difficulties if they emerge into consciousness. … The warrant is valid only for their translation into ideas of words: it does not entitle them to take control of the motor apparatus, … we have to play a double game with the patient's instinctual impulses. … (pp. 12–13).

She concludes that this arrangement may evoke many of the technical difficulties which we encounter.

Dr Southwood (this issue) in his analytic model would suggest that he hopes to bypass some of these difficulties. Dr Southwood, in presenting a model for the psychoanalytic process, states: 'what goes on in psychoanalysis can be more adequately as well as more simply understood by taking a two-person experiential model than by using the structural theory'. He concludes that, 'once I used to regard the transference as a sort of guiding star that I had to keep in sight, whereas now I tend to follow the shared experiencing 'whole person' relating, as it is constantly disturbed by the transferences and identifications'.

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