Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see statistics of the Most Popular Journal Articles on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Statistics of the Most Popular Journal Articles on PEP-Web can be reviewed at any time. Just click the “See full statistics” link located at the end of the Most Popular Journal Articles list in the PEP Section.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Parkin, A. (1985). Narcissism: Its Structures, Systems and Affects. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 66:143-156.

(1985). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 66:143-156

Narcissism: Its Structures, Systems and Affects

Alan Parkin


The growth of object relationships may be studied along either the developmental line of the

discharge-object or that of the reflexive-object. The former is the well-known line of development from the need-satisfying object to the constant object and is a study of id-ego relationships. The developmental line of the reflexive-object, on the other hand, follows the history of the introjects and is a study of either ego-superego or ego-ego ideal relationships. It is the latter which constitutes the study of narcissism.

The development of the ideal ego out of the ego nuclei leads eventually to the child's struggle to maintain a sense of omnipotence and to the narcissistic crisis. Out of this struggle the introjection of the idealized mother occurs which, as the ego ideal, continues the systemic line of development of narcissism.

Various narcissistic states and affects such as shame, humiliation, depression, grandiosity, pomposity, arrogance, adoration and enthralment are the result of either hypercathexis of the introjects of the ego ideal (or of persisting remnants of the ideal ego) and the resulting conflict with the ego, or hypocathexis of the introjects and resulting dormancy of the system ego ideal.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.