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Maldonado, J.L. (1987). Narcissism and Unconscious Communication. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 68:379-387.

(1987). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 68:379-387

Narcissism and Unconscious Communication

Jorge Luis Maldonado


In this paper I suggest that analytical material implicitly carries in it a message proceeding from the unconscious and which is transmitted through representations. The message is expressed only when the object is recognized as such by the subject.

In the narcissistic situation the unconscious message is not emitted. The analysis of the analytical discourse shows that the narcissistic subject does not recognize the other as the object of the unconscious dialogue. Narcissism reaches its maximum expression in material empty of unconscious meaning.

Narcissism is accomplished only by the collaboration of a subject and an object who have established a tie with the aim of maintaining the illusion that this subject can dispense with all objects. This tie is set up on the patient's side by means of the discourse empty of unconscious meaning and on the analyst's side by the pseudo-interpretation.

The narcissistic self-esteem resides in the complacency which the patient obtains by keeping the verbal account deprived of unconscious meaning. When the analyst fails to show up the narcissistic resistance, he contributes to the establishment of this pathological self-valuation.

Narcissistic regressions always include identifications and in this they differ from the an-objectal stage that regression attempts to reach.

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