Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size? In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+). Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out). To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Beratis, S. (1988). The Personal Myth as a Defence Against Internal Primitive Aggression. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 69:475-482.

(1988). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 69:475-482

The Personal Myth as a Defence Against Internal Primitive Aggression

Stavroula Beratis


On the basis of clinical material, it is hypothesized that the personal myth is formed gradually, following a developmental process from early body sensations to screen sensations, to visual screen memories, to verbal thoughts and, finally, to the formation of the personal myth. This sequence corresponds to the successive development of mental processing in human thought. It is suggested that the personal myth, being a symbolic creation, may function in a manner similar to transitional objects, thereby facilitating the separation-individuation process.

Also, it is proposed that the latent content of the personal myth pertains to traumatic experiences and conflictual wishes related to either or both the oedipal and the pre-oedipal phase of development. When pre-oedipal elements predominate, the individual's personality is characterized by more primitive self-object representations, intense separation anxiety and a greater degree of unneutralized aggression.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.