Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To copy parts of an article…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To copy a phrase, paragraph, or large section of an article, highlight the text with the mouse and press Ctrl + C. Then to paste it, go to your text editor and press Ctrl + V.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Rocha Barros, E.L. (1992). Psychic Change in Child Analysis. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 73:303-311.

(1992). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 73:303-311

Psychic Change in Child Analysis

Elizabeth Lima Da Rocha Barros, []


The paper describes a period of analysis of a 5-year-old boy as an illustration of some ideas about psychic change. Psychic change is approached in terms of emotional growth, which is directly associated with the degree of flexibility of the defensive system and its capacity to absorb and re-integrate lost parts of the ego and to be open to new emotional experiences.

It is described how, through interpretations, the child's internal objects and relationships changed. In particular, his representation of his bad-analyst, bad-father, bad-self changed from being a gorilla to the Incredible Hulk to the whale and finally to Superman crying.

When the analysis was interrupted, the patient was showing clear indications that the basis had been laid for establishing a more stable internalized object capable of containing and transforming his anxieties and feelings of despair into more tolerable ones, which gave him a better chance of being fed by good experiences.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.