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de Alvarez de Toledo, L. (1996). The Analysis Of ‘Associating’‘Interpreting’ And ‘Words’: Use Of This Analysis To Bring Unconscious Fantasies Into The Present And To Achieve Greater Ego Integration. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 77:291-317.

(1996). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 77:291-317

The Analysis Of ‘Associating’‘Interpreting’ And ‘Words’: Use Of This Analysis To Bring Unconscious Fantasies Into The Present And To Achieve Greater Ego Integration

Luisa de Alvarez de Toledo

In this paper first presented in 1953 and now translated into English for the first time, the author gives an account of the phenomena that occur when the meaning of ‘associating’, ‘interpreting’ and ‘words’ is investigated. Her presentation is modelled on the manner of appearance and understanding of these phenomena. Because interpretation of a new aspect has always preceded its intellectual understanding, frequent repetitions will be observed, and one theme is sometimes adumbrated within another and developed more fully later. For all its drawbacks, such an exposition has the advantage of coming closest to reality. A schematisation would be premature and tend to conceal any errors, thus impeding subsequent understanding of the phenomena concerned. The author discusses the phenomena in their order of appearance. Although the order was the same in every case, she does not rule out the possibility that this might be because of her personal approach. The bibliography lists works that stimulated her interest and were particularly useful in the understanding and formulation of her work.

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