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Flanders, S. Ladame, F. Carlsberg, A. Heymanns, P. Naziri, D. Panitz, D. (2016). On the Subject of Homosexuality: What Freud Said. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 97(3):933-950.

(2016). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 97(3):933-950

On the Subject of Homosexuality: What Freud Said Language Translation

Sara Flanders, Francois Ladame, Anders Carlsberg, Petra Heymanns, Despina Naziri and Denny Panitz

(Accepted for publication 29 February 2016)

The article explores Freud's writing on homosexuality, from his early hypotheses, expressed in his letters to Fleiss to his last observations in The Outline of Psychoanalysis, published in 1940 after his death. We trace the continuities as well as changes in his thinking, and have organized the paper conceptually, under the headings: 1) Bisexuality 2) Narcissism and Object choice, 3) On Normality and Pathology, and 4) The Quantitative factor and Aggression. We show that Freud was the first to confirm the existence of homosexualities, that he offers no black and white solution to the question of normality and pathology, although he contributes to the understanding of the vehemence that surrounds the subject, and that, in the considerable body of work, he has offered a rich and varied foundation for further thinking on the subject.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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