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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Scarfone, D. (2019). Introduction to de M’Uzan's paper “Interpreting: For Whom and Why?”. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 100(4):732-735.

(2019). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 100(4):732-735

Introduction to de M’Uzan's paper “Interpreting: For Whom and Why?”

Dominique Scarfone

Michel de M’Uzan passed away in January 2018. The paper presented here is a homage to his long and fruitful career. I know of few authors as consistent as de M’Uzan in their elaboration of a praxis where metapsychology, far from being a supposedly “abstract” and speculative theoretical superstructure, is at every turn embodied in the work going on in the analytic room. Over the course of his career of 60 or more years, Michel de M’Uzan has written extensively on the analyst's practical task, on the analytic situation and the events taking place therein. Notions such as “the mouth of the unconscious,” “vacillation of identity,” “paradoxical system,” and “psychological chimera” are but a few of his original formulations of what actually takes place during the analytic session.

The paper offered here for the first time to an anglophone readership is part of a number of writings in which de M’Uzan discusses interpretation, its forms, its status, and its consequences. The present introduction is meant to give the reader some clues to the general underpinnings of de M’Uzan's thought.

Interpretation is considered as the hallmark of what psychoanalysts do. The practice of interpretation goes back a long way, but one could say that it became a discipline in itself with the interpretation of biblical texts inaugurating the hermeneutical tradition. Discovering new meanings by the systematic study of a text and its context is what hermeneutics is about.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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