Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To contact support with questions…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

You can always contact us directly by sending an email to

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Rickman, J. (1957). XXIII. A Survey: The Development of the Psychoanalytical Theory of the Psychoses. 1894-1926 (1926-1927). The International Psycho-Analytical Library, 52(1):224-383.

(1957). The International Psycho-Analytical Library, 52(1):224-383

XXIII. A Survey: The Development of the Psychoanalytical Theory of the Psychoses. 1894-1926 (1926-1927) Book Information Previous Up Next

John Rickman, M.D.

1. Introduction

The contributions of psycho-analysts to psychiatry may be divided into three groups which fall roughly into three periods. The first period ranges from 1893 to 1914, the second from 1914 to 1923, the third from 1923 till the present. The first group is characterized by a simplicity not found in later work, and may be summarized by saying that the psychoses were viewed from the aspect of libido development; stress is laid on fixation points, on defence mechanisms, on the aims of the sexual instinct and on object cathexis. The second group, while rejecting nothing in the work already done, makes additions which give rather a different orientation, the psychoses are viewed from the aspect of ego development. In the third group the economic factor is introduced, the subdivision of the ego into super-ego and real ego, cathexis of the ego, the castration complex and the types of object-relationship are brought to the foreground. These divisions into groups may serve for a brief exposition, but it must be confessed that they do violence to the chronological sequence of the contributions. There is no harm in this if the reader is aware of the fact that psycho-analytical psychiatry is only a part—and a small part—of psycho-analysis, and that he must add to his study of the part by an examination of the whole, preferably by a careful chronological study.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.