Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To refine your search with the author’s first initial…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

If you get a large number of results after searching for an article by a specific author, you can refine your search by adding the author’s first initial. For example, try writing “Freud, S.” in the Author box of the Search Tool.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hoyt, M.F. (1978). Secrets in Psychotherapy: Theoretical and Practical Considerations. Int. R. Psycho-Anal., 5:231-241.

(1978). International Review of Psycho-Analysis, 5:231-241

Secrets in Psychotherapy: Theoretical and Practical Considerations

Michael F. Hoyt


The origins and types of secrecy are discussed in terms of an epigenetic model. The interplay of intrapsychic and social factors is emphasized, with prime attention being given to the function of the secret. Clinical examples are provided to illustrate some issues of practice and technique. It is suggested that analytic treatment can proceed without strict adherence to the rule of 'no secrets'. Indeed, there may be times when it would be best not to seek the patient's secret, e.g. when the secret helps to organize a tenuous self-identity. Finally, there is discussion of some of the difficulties involved in being the receiver of patients' secrets.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.