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It is always useful to review an article’s bibliography and references to get a deeper understanding of the psychoanalytic concepts and theoretical framework in it.

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Groen, J. (1985). Women in Shakespeare with Particular Reference to Lady Macbeth. Int. R. Psycho-Anal., 12:469-478.
   

(1985). International Review of Psycho-Analysis, 12:469-478

Women in Shakespeare with Particular Reference to Lady Macbeth

Jan Groen

SUMMARY

Joyce McDougall (1982) wrote that a stage play can be used as a metaphor for 'the psychical', so that we can speak of a 'théatre psychique'. An author's psychical theatre includes both men and woman on its stage; in other words, there are both male and female role representations.

When a man's psychical stage includes women, these may also form part of the self. In some cases there will then be a split between a male gender identity and a primary mother identification; the latter may in turn be split into a bad and a good mother.

Hence we could interpret the figure of Lady Macbeth as a part of Macbeth's self: the splitoff identification with the bad mother.

To obtain the power necessary to commit the patricide, Macbeth must abolish the split with this part of the self, thus acquiring a pseudomanliness which ultimately proves to be no match for the power of a man whose self is better integrated.

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