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Torras De Beà, E. Romero, J.R. (1986). Past and Present in Interpretation. Int. R. Psycho-Anal., 13:309-321.

(1986). International Review of Psycho-Analysis, 13:309-321

Past and Present in Interpretation

Eulàlia Torras De Beà and José Rallo Romero


This paper is composed of two parts. The first one focuses on transference, place of interaction of the past and of the present. The interpretation, aimed at its clarification, tackles the past in the present and the progressive differentiation of the one from the other.

The relationship between past and present in the transference is studied and therefore their capacity to represent one another, and on the contrary, to be used as a defence against the other.

How a past, that is not remembered but rather denied, can be repeated and dramatized in the transference is shown in clinical examples. This past can be 'discovered' through the clarification of the real transference.

In the second part the authors travel once again 'the royal road of the unconscious' and deal with the subject from the point of view of the interpretation of dreams in the analytic session. They develop the concept of the 'two latent contents of the dream'. Besides the classical sense of the formula 'latent content of the dream' there is a second sense. In this latter the manifest content is the reflection of the structure and functioning of the psychic apparatus. They describe three different types of dreams. Clinical examples to illustrate this thesis are also given.

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