Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To save a shortcut to an article to your desktop…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

The way you save a shortcut to an article on your desktop depends on what internet browser (and device) you are using.

  • Safari
  • Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • Opera


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Krupp, G. Genovese, F. Krupp, T. (1986). To Have and Have Not: Multiple Identifications in Pathological Bereavement. J. Amer. Acad. Psychoanal., 14(3):337-348.

(1986). Journal of American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 14(3):337-348

To Have and Have Not: Multiple Identifications in Pathological Bereavement

George Krupp, M.D., D.M.Sc., Frank Genovese, Ph.D. and Tobie Krupp, M.S.W., A.C.S.W.


The term identification immediately implies involvement in almost every area of living: childrearing; personality development; small and large group formation; alterations in physiology. Intrapsychic concepts such as fusion and symbiosis, separation anxiety, developmental losses, and anniversary reactions are involved, as are the interpersonal aspects of parenting and other family processes. Identification partially explains cross-cultural differences and in some cases the distinctions between normal and pathological mourning.

Not only are the grand characters from history and literature more fully knowable when viewed through the perspective of identification, but so also are real people leading normal lives.


[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.