Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To download the bibliographic list of all PEP-Web content…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Did you know that you can download a bibliography of all content available on PEP Web to import to Endnote, Refer, or other bibliography manager? Just click on the link found at the bottom of the webpage. You can import into any UTF-8 (Unicode) compatible software which can import data in “Refer” format. You can get a free trial of one such program, Endnote, by clicking here.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Rendon, M. (1986). Philosophical Paradigms in Psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Acad. Psychoanal., 14(4):495-505.

(1986). Journal of American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 14(4):495-505

Philosophical Paradigms in Psychoanalysis

Mario Rendon, M.D.

This paper postulates that there have been two conflicting structures or trends in psychoanalysis, which are reflected in two different, at times opposite, conceptualizations of the matter at hand (i.e., “deficit” versus “conflict” theories). For heuristic purposes, the two epistemological structures have been dichotomized as Cartesian versus Hegelian. This dichotomy is, however, artificial, and it is important to understand that both tendencies have been necessary parts of the development of psychoanalysis and that only their synthesis, which will both incorporate and supersede them, will represent an advance. Although the Cartesian model seems less advanced than the Hegelian, the latter could not have taken place without the former being there. Historically, Descartes preceded Hegel by two centuries. The Cartesian system did not have the benefit of sciences having branched out of philosophy as much as the Hegelian one did, but it was the former which set the stage for such an occurrence. In this respect, psychoanalysis is a relatively late scientific development.

This paper is not about psychoanalyzing Descartes or Hegel. As tempting as that may be, the focus here is rather opposite to that approach. It sees the two philosophers as representatives of their times, their cultures, their societies. This is not to deny that their personalities had a profound impact on their writings and made them the ideal vehicles for the philosophical steps which they represent. During Descartes’ time, namely the early 1600s, the rudiments of psychology were still part of philosophy and particularly theology.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.