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Evernote is a general note taking application that integrates with your browser. You can use it to save entire articles, bookmark articles, take notes, and more. It comes in both a free version which has limited synchronization capabilities, and also a subscription version, which raises that limit. You can download Evernote for your computer here. It can be used online, and there’s an app for it as well.

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Lange, A. (2011). Prenatal Maternal Stress and the Developing Fetus and Infant: A Review of Animal Models as Related to Human Research. J. Infant Child Adolesc. Psychother., 10(2):326-340.

(2011). Journal of Infant, Child & Adolescent Psychotherapy, 10(2):326-340

Perspectives on Early Trauma - Neuropsychological and Clinical Literature

Prenatal Maternal Stress and the Developing Fetus and Infant: A Review of Animal Models as Related to Human Research

Adrianne Lange, M.A.

Prenatal stress, a function of severe maternal psychological or physiological stress, including trauma and illness, can influence the development of the fetus in profound ways, extending into childhood and adulthood. Maternal trauma, acute and chronic, physiological and emotional, can create an environment for the fetus that may disrupt development in the womb, potentially setting the infant on a path of maladaptive reactivity to stressors in the world beyond. Prenatal stress influences psychological systems, including attachment, affect, and stress regulation; physiological systems, including endocrine and cardiovascular systems; and even neuroanatomical structure. This article reviews some of the findings from animal models associated with this important line of research and indicates the critical nature of early intervention for families such as those described in this issue on the Project for Mothers, Infants, and Young Children of September 11, 2001.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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